ISHM: June 1 – 14, 2018


Key Takeaways:

  • Judicial Council Appointed to Oversee Recount of Ballots, Sidelining IHEC – On June 5, as part of the ongoing investigation into alleged voter fraud during the May 2018 parliamentary elections, the Supreme Judicial Council announced its intentions to form a new oversight committee that would manage the Independent High Electoral Commission (IHEC)’s vote recount process. The Judicial Council justified its actions by citing the 2007 Electoral Commission Law regarding election complaints. Five days later, the Judicial Council identified the nine judges who would staff the proposed new oversight committee, who would fulfill the current responsibilities of the IHEC Board of Commissioners. These developments followed the passage of the third amendment to Iraq’s Electoral Law, which created a judicial oversight committee for IHEC and provided for the cancellation of votes in “certain scenarios.” more…
  • Warehouse Fire Destroys Untold Number of Ballots Slated for Recount – On June 10, a fire destroyed a Commerce Ministry warehouse containing ballots from the May 12 Parliamentary Elections in Baghdad’s Rasafa neighborhood. The incident occurred amid plans to recount these ballots, following allegations of voter fraud. Iraqi security forces initially reported that the fire had purposefully targeted the ballots, and that the records had been “completely destroyed” – although the Interior Ministry later disputed these claims. The same day, Speaker of Parliament Salim al-Jabouri called for new elections to be held, and labeled the fire a “deliberate act of manipulation.” Over the following two days, six arrests were made as part of the investigation into the fire’s origins, and an Interior Ministry spokesman revealed evidence that the blaze had originated from a gasoline source. more…
  • Sadr, Amiri Declare Alliance, Pushing the Blocs Closer to a Majority – On June 12, the head of the influential Badr Organization and Fatah political alliance Hadi al-Amiri and influential Shia cleric and head of the Sairoon political alliance Muqtada al-Sadr announced a partnership between their respective political organs. Although it elicited strong reactions from within Iraq’s political establishment and among Iraq’s international partners, this move was not unexpected given Fatah’s strong political popularity. It is not necessarily indicative of Iranian influence within the Iraqi political landscape, despite Fatah’s ties to Tehran. Amiri’s Fatah alliance won the second-most seats during the elections, and the joint Sadr-Amiri alliance will claim 101 seats – 64 seats short of the majority needed in Parliament. Both the Kurdistan Democratic Party (KDP) and Patriotic Union of Kurdistan (PUK) issued statements calling these developments a “positive step.” more…
  • Turkish Dam Exacerbates Iraq’s Water Crisis – In early June, photographs of low water-levels in the Tigris River prompted renewed discussion of Iraq’s ongoing water crisis. The recent shortages occurred as Turkey neared completion of its long-term Alesso Dam project, underway since 1954, having initiated filling operations for the dam’s reservoir in early March 2018. The Turkish activities directly impact water levels in the Tigris, which runs through Baghdad and Mosul. Iraqi Water Minister Hassan al-Janabi noted that Turkey had originally planned to begin filling on June 1, but had violated an agreement reached with the Baghdad government regarding this timetable. Meanwhile, Janabi outlined a 24-point plan to manage the country’s water shortage, as the Baghdad municipal government called for water conservation in the capital. Meanwhile, influential Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr announced his own three-point proposal to resolve the water crisis. The Turkish Ambassador to Iraq, Fatih Yilidz, responded to Iraqi concerns on June 5, stating that the Alesso Dam will continue and that its sole purpose is to provide electricity and water for agriculture. One day later, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced plans to postpone the dam’s completion until July 2018, as well as plans to increase the amount of water released to Iraq from 60 to 90 cubic meters per second. more…
  • Sporadic ISIS Attacks Continue Despite Improved Security – On June 8, the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) reported that April 2018 marked a five-year low in civilian casualties across Iraq as the result of terrorism, armed conflict, or violence. Despite the generally-improving nationwide security situation, however, ISIS continued to target security and civilian targets throughout the country’s northern and western regions, as well as Baghdad. On June 6, an explosion at an ammunition store in the Sadr City neighborhood of Baghdad killed at least 18 people and wounded 34 others. Meanwhile, ISIS militants clashed with Iraqi Security Forces in Kirkuk Province’s Hawija district, prompting a series of security raids against suspected ISIS safe-houses in the area. Unrelated to ISIS activity, on June 13, a Peshmerga officer was killed in the Kazan section of Erbil, capital of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. more…
  • Turkey Continues to Target PKK in Northern Iraq – The Turkish military deepened its force-commitment inside northern Iraq, part of an ongoing effort to expel fighters from the Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK) from bases in the country. On June 10, Turkish forces established trenches and barracks in Soran, Erbil Province. On the same day, Turkish warplanes attacked several PKK targets in northern Erbil Province. Four days later, PKK fighters reportedly killed five Turkish soldiers in Barzan district, Erbil Province. more…

For more background on most of the institutions, key actors, political parties, and locations mentioned in our takeaways or in the stories that follow, see the ISHM Reference Guide.

Judicial Council Appointed to Oversee Recount of Ballots, Sidelining IHEC

On June 2, the Iraqi Parliament resumed its extraordinary session, discussing law no. 45 of 2013. This law is an amendment to the Iraqi Electoral Law to address voter fraud allegations. The session it is a continuation of a session held on May 30th.

On June 5, the Council of Ministers voted on the findings and recommendations of its investigation into elections fraud following Iraq’s May 12 Parliamentary elections. The investigation revealed cases of fraud, saying the Independent High Electoral Commision is responsible for not properly examining polling devices. The recommendations include manual recounting of a minimum of 5% of votes from each region, canceling votes of displaced persons and votes from abroad, and an investigation by intelligence agencies into fraud allegations. Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi called for separate roles for the judiciary and the elections commision. Council of Ministers sent their report to House of Representatives for consideration.

On June 5, the Supreme Judicial Council announced a plan for the judiciary regarding elections, citing the Electoral Commission Law of 2007 for jurisdiction to take responsibility from the Independent High Electoral Commision in overseeing elections complaints. The Supreme Judicial Council noted that no legal provision gives the judiciary the ability to cancel the elections results.

On June 6, the Iraqi Parliament voted to pass the third amendment to the Electoral Law. Alsumaria released a text of the amendment. The Iraqi Parliament passed the amendment earlier that day in response to the large number of allegations and cases of election fraud following Iraq’s May 12 national Parliamentary elections. The amendment is broken into seven sections with two major changes to the Electoral Law. First, the amendment created a judicial oversight committee for the Independent High Elections Commission (IHEC) consisting of nine judges. The new committee will be appointed by the Supreme Judicial Council and will replace the role of the current IHEC board of commissioners. Second, IHEC will undertake the duties of recounting all votes in Iraq. The amendment also provides for the cancellation of votes in certain situations, particularly in special elections. Special elections could potentially include the votes of Peshmerga forces, Police in Iraqi Kurdistan, and some IDP camps. Additionally, any further counting of electronic ballot results will be halted. The recount will commence with the appointment of the judicial committee.

On June 7, the Supreme Judicial Council called for all members to meet on Sunday, June 10 to nominate the nine judges of the judicial committee. The committee will replace the Board of the Independent High Electoral Commission in overseeing the manual recount of Parliamentary Elections results.

On June 7, The Parliamentary bloc of the Peoples Union of Kurdistan (PUK) refused to cancel the result of special elections in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI). The special elections provided early voting for Peshmerga forces, police, and some IDP camps. The PUK issued a statement earlier that day stating their position: “there is a special paragraph in the amendment of the Election Law related to the abolition of the results of the special vote (Peshmerga forces, police, Asayish …) in the provinces of Kurdistan, and we express our displeasure at this constitutional breach.” In opposing the section of the new amendment, the PUK asked the Supreme Judicial Council to review the constitutional legality of canceling votes in special elections. The PUK generally opposed the recounting of votes and instead wanted a ruling by the supreme judicial council to expedite the process of addressing election fraud.

On June 10, the Iraqi Supreme Judicial Council named the nine judges who would fill the positions as the oversight committee for IHEC during the recounting process. The selection of these nine judges follows the guidance of the third amendment to Iraqi Election Law which the Iraqi Parliament passed to address widespread election fraud complaints. The nine judges will fulfill the duties of the current IHEC Board of Commissioners.

On June 12, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi rejected calls for new elections. Abadi stated, “There is no turning back and the elections have taken place and a new government must be formed.”

On June 12, sources revealed the intent to form a coalition “6/10” to support a new election as opposed to the recount mandated by the third amendment to the Electoral Law. The “6/10” coalition, named in light of the Rasafa ballot warehouse fire on June 10, would follow the calls of the head of Parliament, Salim al-Jabouri, for a new election in December of 2018.

On June 13, the Supreme Federal Court rejected requests to temporarily suspend the third amendment of the Election Law passed by Parliament on June 6. The amendment allows for a manual recount of ballots from the May 12 national elections. The Court refused to act on the amendments pending a full ruling.

Warehouse Fire Destroys Untold Number of Ballots Slated for Recount

On June 10, a Ministry of Commerce warehouse in the Rasafa neighborhood of Baghdad containing ballots from the May 12 national election was destroyed by fire on amid an impending recount of those same ballots. Early reports by Baghdad security forces claimed the fire targeted the ballots and that the ballots held in the warehouse were completely destroyed in the blaze. Interior Minister Qassem al-Araji later contradicted that report, suggesting that none of the ballots were damaged in the fire.

On June 10, Speaker of Parliament Salim al-Jabouri called for a re-election following the warehouse fire in Rasafa. Jabouri called the fire a deliberate act of manipulation.

On June 11, four arrests were made in the investigation of the Rasafa warehouse fire. The four suspects include three police officers and a member of the Independent High Electoral Commission.

On June 11, influential Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr called the Rasafa warehouse fire an attempt by “certain parties” to cause a civil war. In an attempt to quell concerns for the incident he urged Iraqis to unite rather than squabble.

On June 12, United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) Special Representative of the Secretary-General for Iraq Ján Kubiš condemned infighting between major political parties and called for cooperation of all political leaders in order to smooth the recounting process especially “in light of the recent fire incident affecting some of the electoral commission’s warehouses.

On June 12, the Iraqi Interior Ministry formed a panel to investigate the June 10 fire in Rasafa. Authorities have stated that the fire was deliberate, however the source of the fire has not been confirmed.

On June 13, the Supreme Judicial Council confirmed that two more arrests were made in the Rusafa warehouse case. As of the Council’s statement, there have been six arrests over allegations related to the fire.

On June 13, Iraq Interior Ministry spokesman Major General Saad Maan revealed evidence of gasoline usage from a forensics report conducted on the remains of the burned warehouse in Rusafa district. The report is the first criminal evidence related to the fire.

Sadr, Amiri Declare Alliance, Pushing the Blocs Closer to a Majority

On June 12, head of the influential Badr Organization and Fatah political alliance Hadi al-Amiri and influential Shia cleric and head of the Sairoon political alliance Muqtada al-Sadr declared an alliance between their respective alliances. At a press conference, Sadr stated “Our meeting was a very positive one, we met to end the suffering of this nation and of the people. Our new alliance is a nationalist one.” Sadr’s Sairoon alliance won the most seats (54) in the May 12 Parliamentary election while Amiri’s Fatah alliance won the second most seats (47). The joint alliance will have 101 total seats, just 64 short of a majority in the 329-seat parliament. The Fatah alliance is noted for its ties to Iran and pro-Iranian rhetoric; however, Sadr has repeatedly stated his position as being staunchly against any foreign influence in Iraq, including US and Iranian influence.

On June 12, Alsumaria reported on a communist party source’s opinion about the alliance of Fatah and Sairoon. The source indicated that there was “shock” among the civil movement. “We are trying to find out what happened. We know that there is Iranian pressure, but this alliance was hasty.”

On June 13, Alsumaria reported a statement received from the Kurdish Democratic Party, and the Patriotic Union of Kurdistan calling the coalition a positive step. The two parties stressed that they would release an official joint statement as soon as possible.

Turkish Dam Exacerbates Iraq’s Water Crisis

On June 2, The Iraqi Parliament held an emergency session to discuss the water crisis, having reached “an inconclusive outcome last month.” Only 50 Members of Parliament of 328 attended this emergency meeting on June 2. Water Minister Hassan al-Janabi “defended the government by saying it was aware of the problem in advance and had drawn up a 24-point plan to deal with it.” Al-Janabi also “blamed Turkey, stressing that there was “a signed agreement between Iraq and Turkey to coordinate in advance [in terms of filling the dam’” but that Turkey began filling the dam on March 1, when the agreed upon date was June 1.

On June 5, the Baghdad municipal government called for the conservation of the use of water, using it only for need-based purposes. Citizens are alarmed at the drastically declining water level of the Tigris River in Baghdad and Mosul, considering the threat drought poses to agricultural crops, emphasizing the need to ensure the conservation of clean water.

On June 5, photos and videos of people standing in and walking across the Tigris River went viral in Baghdad. According to the Turkish newspaper Zaman, “the Turkish authorities did not comply with the date of operation of the Alesso Dam” scheduled for the end of June, noting an agreement made between the Ministry of Water Resources of Iraq and Turkey that the Alesso Dam would not be filled until the end of the month, “so as not to affect the Tigris River.” Water Minister Hassan al-Janabi said “Iraq’s agreement with Turkey included 75 percent of Iraq’s water revenues and 25 percent of filling the Turkish Alesso Dam.” According to the Republic of Turkey’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Alesso Dam “is part of the Southeastern Anatolian Project (GAP) and is currently the largest hydropower project in Turkey,” located on the Tigris River and built solely for power generation. The project began in 1954, but realized in the late 1990s. Turkey has experienced major pushback from civil society through protests and demonstrations regarding the “serious impacts of the construction of the dam,” most notably the Initiative to Keep Hasankayf Alive (ITKHA), as the Alesso Dam would flood this ancient region.

On June 5, Iraqis demonstrated in front of the Turkish Embassy in Baghdad in protest of “the worsening water crisis” due to the filling of the Alesso Dam. Growing concern about the devastating effects of this dam continues, as the Alesso Dam threatens to pollute drinking water, and worsen the drought in Iraq.  

On June 5, the Minister of Agriculture Falah Hassan Zaidan met with the members of the technical committee, headed by Zafer Abdullah, the adviser of the Ministry of Water Resources, as well as Mehdi Al-Qaisi, the technical agent of the Ministry of Agriculture and the membership of the joint committees of the two ministries to discuss the adoption of an agricultural summer plan. The meeting was held to address allocation of water with limited available water revenues “and the repercussions of the Turkish dam on the water reality and its impact on the agricultural sector.”

On June 5, in Baghdad, Turkish Ambassador Fatith Yildiz stated that the Alesso Dam project will continue and that its purpose is only for electricity and not for irrigation. Yildiz announced Turkey as “also affected by the drought” describing it “as the worst in 40 years.” He said in a press conference held on June 5, that Turkey planned to build the Alesso Dam “long ago” and that Turkey “did not skip any step without consulting with neighboring countries.” He additionally said Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi was informed of Turkey’s intent to complete and fill the Alesso Dam during Abadi’s visit to Ankara, Turkey in 2017. Yildiz says “[w]e listened to concerns about filling the dam from the Iraqi side” and “agreed [on the date of filling the dam] at the meeting on May 15 between the Iraqi and Turkish committees.” The filling of the Turkish Alesso Dam has affected those in Baghdad and Mosul, “drastically reducing water levels,” concerning citizens of drought and agricultural devastation.

On June 5, influential Shia cleric Muqtada al-Sadr announced three proposals to “resolve the water crisis.”  In a tweet on his private account, Sadr proposed to invite the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and other “relevant ministries to meet (the basin countries) as soon as possible to discuss the water crisis.” The second proposal suggested the “acceleration” of this meeting between relevant Iraqi ministries “competent in this crisis to develop effective solutions to them” and provide solutions for water security. Sadr’s third proposal is to allocate funds from the Iraqi government to support this mission of addressing the water crisis. Turkey’s Foreign Minister Mouloud Gawishoglu said “[w]e promised to freeze the work of [the] Alesso Dam until June; we will increase the amount of water releases from 60 cubic meters per second to 90, and we will not do anything that harms Iraq’s interests.”

On June 6, Turkey’s Recep Tayyip Erdogan announced the postponement of the completion of the Alesso Dam to next July, confirming the dam is “designed to generate electricity.” Turkey’s Minister of Forestry and Water, Wisel Aroglu, said the Iraqi government requested the postponement of the filling of the dam until June 1, 2018 due to the drought in Iraq since 2017. Continuing to stress the dam’s design to generate energy, Erdogan said “[w]e can not hold the water in Ramadan, so we have opened the gates again, we provide water to Iraq….Turkey has suffered from the drought in 2014, yet it has continued to give water to Iraq and Syria.”

On June 8, USAID released the Complex Emergency Factsheet identifying over 3.8 million Iraqis returning to their areas of origin as of late May, while over 2 million Iraqis remain displaced throughout the country. USAID raised additional concerns over the consequences of prolonged displacement.

On June 10, dozens of citizens demonstrated in Maysan Province demanding the provision of electricity. Alsumaria reports most Iraqi provinces have witnessed mass demonstrations demanding the provision of electricity.

On June 10, the theft of manhole covers in Diyala Province became a growing concern among local law enforcement, as a reported 50 manhole covers were stolen within two weeks in the western districts of Baquba. This occurrence led to calling residents to be alert to and help stop this “dangerous phenomenon.” Waleed al-Zuhairi says the absence of sewage tops is “a danger to the people” fearing for “the lives of civilians”, additionally calling upon them to “help and immediately report” theft.

On June 10, the Baghdad municipal government plans to prosecute individuals who appear to steal manhole covers in video clips in Baghdad. It was noted that doing so endangers the lives of civilians and increases the chance of clogged lines and overflowing sewage. Additionally, they called “for the Baghdad Operations Command and other security agencies to cooperate in deterring and arresting the “weak souls” who steal the manhole covers, urging citizens to report thefts and “take appropriate action.”  Those who stole manhole covers and caught on surveillance cameras will be sued.

On June 10, civil defense teams responded to a fire inside a food store in front of the Ministry of Interior in Baghdad. Government departments and commercial markets are experiencing fires due to electrical faults.

On June 11, President of the Diyala Provincial Council Ali Daini urged Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi to launch an investigation into the looting of land at unprecedented levels within Diyala. Daini stated that the looting of land did not affect the public property of the state, but rather “deprive[d] hundreds of segments [of society], including the families of martyrs and journalists of their entitlements to obtain the pieces of housing officially due to them and transfer of ownership to other people because of corrupt[ion] in the municipal departments.”  Daini says “the formation of a high commission with broad powers will lead to detection of corruption mafia and looting of public funds and work to put an end to it.”

Sporadic ISIS Attacks Continue Despite Improved Security

On June 5, the Federal Police announced the arrest of two people in Baghdad: one on charges of “terrorism” and another on suspicion of trading human organs. The commander of the Federal Police Forces, Major Raed Shaker Jawdat, said in a statement that “Federal Police units were able to arrest two people, one of them involved in terrorism and the other trading human organs during the various security operations in Baghdad.”

On June 6, an explosion in the Sadr city neighborhood of Baghdad killed at least 16 people and left at least 34 others wounded. The blast was the result of the detonation of an ammunitions cache and security forces opened an investigation into the matter. The detonation was described as a “terrorist aggression onto civilians” by Reuters, causing “martyrs to be wounded.” The ammunition was stored in a mosque, and therefore it is assumed to have been a planned attack.

On June 6, the Crime Prevention Department of the Iraqi Federal Police carried out a raid in Abla in the Basra province resulting in the arrest of two individuals accused of trading counterfeit currency in local markets. The amount was disclosed by an unknown source, stating that authorities seized 680 thousand dinars of counterfeit currency (approximately US$575 ). The issue of fake currency has been prevalent throughout the country, considering the simplicity of obtaining a machine to create the fake currency.

On June 6, the Islamic State of Iraq and al-Sham (ISIS) clashed with the Iraqi Security Forces in Hawija, southwest Kirkuk Province. One of the suspected ISIS militants involved in the clash was injured, while the other members fled into a tunnel inside a nearby home, taking shelter in an orchard behind the house. During the attack, three men armed with AK-47s were arrested in the village of Bakara, approximately 12, 216 km for Hawija. The detainees were moved to a detention facility for interrogation.

On June 7, Qutaiba al-Jabouri, head of Health and Environmental Committee, released a statement regarding the accident in Sadr City, which occured on June 6.  At least 18 people were killed and 100 injured in twin suicide blasts in Sadr City, according to a hospital authority and a local police officer. The blasts occurred when unidentified terrorists detonated two bombs planted near a mosque used by Shia Muslim community in Baghdad’s Sadr City district. Police sources said the suicide bombers were riding motorcycles and blew themselves up in a crowded mobile phone market. He stated, “this painful incident should make the government more concerned about the lives of civilians and safe. It is not reasonable to be sitting in one’s home and not feel safe” stressing “the need to compensate families of martyrs and those wounded by the bombing.”

On June 7, the Interior Ministry announced the formation of an investigative committee due to the bombing that occurred the day before in Sadr City. At the direction of the Prime Minister, the investigative team has been assembled, and are immediately looking into the bombings.

On June 8, in a USAID report, the United Nations Assistance Mission for Iraq (UNAMI) identified that April marked a five year low in civilian casualties in Iraq. UNAMI reported a more than 30 percent decrease in number of civilian deaths related to acts of terrorism, armed conflict, and violence from March to April, with 68 recorded civilian deaths in April.

On June 11, three explosive devices were found in conjunction with ISIS within the village of Abu Sneider  in the province of Salah al Din during an inspection. These devices were intended for the destruction of “clothes, food and bedding” and were eradicated completely by the security teams. Within the same round up, 18 mortar rounds, 6 launchers and two hundred two millimeter mortar rounds were found. The same security team seized all of the above.

On June 13, the Information Security system denied the detonations of three explosive devices placed across Mosul. Alsumaria news reported that the explosions were in three houses in the area of ​​the Shahwan in the old town of Mosul, which resulted in the death of 27 people. However, these claims were rejected by Ahmed al-Obeidi, head officer of the police force who insisted this never happened.

On June 13, Governor of Kirkuk Province, Rakan Jabouri stated that the residents of the liberated areas will no longer accept terrorist activity, while stressing the importance of strengthening the military units in the district of Kirkuk in Hawija. Jabouri went on to say that “we in the department and with the assistance of a better security force will accelerate the return of those displaced in Internally Displaced People (IDP) camps and no longer tolerate terrorist attacks.”

On June 13, the Police Chief reported the arrest of a suspect accused of killing a Peshmerga officer in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. On June 12, Alshafaq news reported that in the ​​Kazan section of central Erbil in front of al-Faruq mosque, an officer of the Iraqi Kurdish Peshmerga was shot.

On June 14, the Directorate of Military Intelligence reported the capture of a terrorist associated with ISIS in Baghdad. The representative added, “the detainee is one of the participants involved in the crimes of the Speicher Massacre, which claimed the lives of hundreds of innocent people.” In June 2014, ISIL (Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant) went into a Camp Speicher, an air installation in northern Iraq in Tilkrit and killed around 1566 Shia Iraqi air force cadets. The Iraqi government blamed the massacre on both ISIL and members from the Arab Socialist Ba’ath party.

Turkey Continues to Target PKK in Northern Iraq

On June 9, the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) announced their outward plan to confront Turkish forces in any event of invasion into Kurdish territory at any point in time. Spokesman Rifan Wallat of the Kurdish People’s Defense Forces stated that they are prepared in case of any Turkish invasions into Kurdistan at any point, going on to say that “the entry of Turkish troops will cost the Turkish government a high price.”

On June 10, Turkish forces set up trenches and military barracks on the outskirts of the village of Bermeza in the district of Soran, Erbil Province. Turkish forces have set up camp on the mountain ranges of Del, within the triangle of the border between Iraq, Iran, and Turkey. The Turkish military operations have been targeting elements and strongholds of the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK).

On June 10, Turkish warplanes attacked several areas around the north of Erbil Province. The perpetrators were not identified, and targeted densely populated sites, causing panic among civilians.The attack lasted for approximately one hour, with no injuries reported.

On June 11, the Turkish government hopes to push out all elements of the PKK living in the mountain region of northern Iraq. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan stated, “Our goal is to remove the largest swamp containing many terrorist threats within the Kandil mountains. We launched operations against Sinjar and Qandil, destroying 20 planes with 14 potential PKK strongholds.”

On June 14, the Kurdish Workers Party (PKK) reportedly killed five Turkish soldiers in Barzan territory just north of Erbil. The Turkish army continues to set up military positions with its forces, targeting PKK military bases regularly.

IED Incidents and Resulting Casualties

Southwest of Kirkuk, Nassif Village20
Baghdad, Tal Afar district00
45 km Northwest of Kirkuk, Maeri in the district of Debs04
55km southwest of Kirkuk in the district of Hawajia in the village of Alufia in00
Nineveh, Mosul, al-Sahil al'Aysar area
Norther Baghdad
North East Diyala,
Southern Baghdad
North of Baghdad,
al-Husseiniya neighborhood
06/04/2018 Baghdad, Taj District02
06/06/2018 Baghdad, Sadr City1019
Babil, Jorf al-Nasr02
Salah al-Din, in Baiji 00
Northern Baghdad, Ur district10
Baghdad, Shaab district03
East Tikrit, Tuz Khormato03
Kirkuk, Jerusalem Street115
Diyala, Khalis123


Please note: some geographic locations represented are approximations and this map may not represent all incidents.

Derived from firsthand accounts and Iraq-based Arabic and Kurdish news sources, the Iraq Security and Humanitarian Monitor is a free publication of the Education for Peace in Iraq Center.

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